Terms l l Council off Trent- (1545 -1563) New Council away from Trent was a central feature of Avoid. Reformation, a reaction to and defense against the fresh Protestant Reformation. Brand new council issued condemnations on which it recognized as Protestant heresies and you will outlined Church instruction on regions of Scripture and you can Community, Amazing Sin, Justification, Sacraments, new Eucharist within the Holy Mass and veneration regarding new orleans saints. They issued multiple reform decrees. By the approaching Catholic dents, therefore the Biblical cannon, the newest Council is actually confronting disputes Protestants got mentioned since their grievances towards the Catholic Chapel. Humanism- Humanism is the term essentially used on the newest common social values and you may intellectual and you will literary currents of your several months out of 1400 to 1650. It was a response to the challenge away from gothic educational degree, and this highlighted simple, pre-elite and you may -studies.